Python vs C++ | Difference between C++ & Python

Python vs C++ | In this tutorial, we will discuss the key differences between C++ and Python. Let’s start first with some brief introduction about Python and C++.

Introduction to C++

C++ is a high-level, general-purpose, procedural, and object-oriented programming language. Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++ language in 1979 as an extension of the C programming language. He released its first version in 1985.

The language has expanded significantly over time, and modern C++ supports multi-paradigm programming, such as structural, functional, procedural, and object-oriented programming.

Today, C++ is one of the most popular programming language in the world in terms of applications, core, and third-party libraries, and development communities.

Introduction to Python

Python is a high-level, general purpose, interpreted, and object-oriented programming language. Guido Van Rossum invented this language in 1991.

It comes with built-in automatic memory management and does not require a compiler. Its code executes directly.

Python has tremendous library support, making the implementation of various programs and algorithms easy. Its syntax is easy to learn, similar to the human language.

Therefore, Python is the first choice of learning programming language for beginners today. Now, let’s understand the basic differences between Python vs C++ programming languages.

Difference between Python and C++ Programming Languages

Both C++ and Python are high-level, general purpose, and object-oriented programming languages. They both support structural, functional, procedural, and object-oriented programming models.

Instead of these similarities, there are also many differences between them. They are:

1. Paradigms (Model):

  • C++ language paradigms are procedural, object-oriented, functional, and generic.
  • On the other hand, Python paradigms are object-oriented, imperative, functional, reflective, and procedural.

2. Developed by:

  • Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++ language in 1983.
  • Guido Van Rossum invented Python language in 1991.

3. Current version:

  • The latest version of C++ is C++20 published in June 2022.
  • The latest version of Python is Python 3.10.7 released in Sept 2022.

4. Lines of code:

  • In C++, requires more lines of coding, therefore, it is time-consuming to write a code in C++ language. For example, if we want to print “Hello world!” in C++, then we will have to write the following lines of code.
using namespace std;
int main()
    cout << "Hello World!";
    return 0;
  • On the other side, Python requires fewer lines of code as comparison to C++ and hence, it takes less time to write a program in Python. For example, we need to write only one line of code to print “Hello World!” in Python.
print("Hello World!")

5. Filename extensions:

  • The filename extension of program in C++ is .cpp.
  • On the other hand, the filename extension of Python program is .py.

6. Implementation:

  • Python language can be implemented in CPython, PyPy, Jpython, and IronPython.
  • Whereas, C++ can be implemented in Turbo C++, Microsoft Visual C++, and Intel C++.

7. Safety:

  • Python is safer language as comparison to C++.

8. Garbage collection:

  • C++ does not perform automatic garbage collection. It’s need to be performed separately.
  • Python performs automatic garbage collection to manage memory.

9. Pointer:

  • C++ language uses the concept of pointer.
  • Whereas, Python does not support the concept of pointer.

10. Memory management:

  • In C++, memory management is performed using new and delete operators, whereas Python automatically handles memory management with the help of reference counting.

11. Syntax:

  • C++ has complex syntax structures.
  • Python provides very easy syntax structures that are easy to learn and similar to human language .

12. Semicolon:

  • In C++ language, we use a semicolon as a statement terminator and comma as expression separator.
  • On the other side, in Python, we use newline as terminator and semicolon as expression separator.

13. Program speed:

  • Python is slower than C++ because Python uses interpreter in which the program compiles and runs simultaneously. Whereas, in C++, the program is compiled first and then executed, that increases the speed of execution.

14. Code maintenance:

  • In python, the code maintenance is easy because of high readability and fewer lines.
  • Whereas, in C++, the code maintenance is difficult because of complex syntax and more lines of code.

15. Array:

  • C++ supports one dimensional fixed and dynamic size array.
  • On the other hand, Python supports one dimensional dynamic size array.

16. Type:

  • In C++, it is mandatory to declare the type of variables and arguments.
  • Whereas, in Python, we do not need to declare the type of variables and arguments.

17. Nature:

  • Python is dynamically typed language, whereas C++ is statically typed language.

18. Scope of variable:

  • In Python, variables are accessible outside the loop.
  • On the other side, in C++, the scope of variables is limited within the loop.

In this tutorial, we have discussed the key differences between Python vs C++. Hope that you will have understood the differences between Python and C++ programming languages.
Thanks for reading!!!
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